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Aircraft in the categories listed in Annex I to the Basic Regulation (EU) 2018/1139 are not subject by the EASA regulations and remain the subject of national regulations.  The following are examples of such aircraft categories.

Historic Aircraft

Historic aircraft which are non complex aircraft whose: initial design was established before 1st Jan 1955 and production has been stopped before 1st Jan 1975.

Aircraft having a clear historical relevance, related to a participation in a noteworthy historical event; or a major step in the development of aviation; or a major role played into the armed forces of a Member State.

Experimental Aircraft

Aircraft specifically designed or modified for research, experimental or scientific purposes, and likely to be produced in very limited numbers.

Amateur Built (Homebuilt) Aircraft

Aircraft of which at least 51 % is built by an amateur, or a non-profit making association of amateurs, for their own purposes and without any commercial objective.

Military Aircraft

Aircraft that have been in the service of military forces, unless the aircraft is of a type for which a design standard has been adopted by the Agency.


Aeroplanes, helicopters, powered parachutes, sailplanes and powered sailplanes, having no more than two seats, a maximum take-off mass (MTOM), as recorded by the Member States, of no more than:

•300 kg for a single-seater landplane
•250 kg for a single-seater sailplane
•450 kg for a two-seater landplane
•400 kg for a two-seater landplane sailplane
•For single-seater amphibian or floatplane/helicopter an additional 30kg is permitted
•For two-seater amphibian or floatplane/helicopter an additional 45kg is permitted
•For a single-seater aircraft with an Airframe mounted total recovery parachute an addition 15kg is permitted
•For a two-seater aircraft with an Airframe mounted total recovery parachute an additional 25kg is permitted

and, for aeroplanes, having the stall speed or the minimum steady flight speed in landing configuration not exceeding 35 knots calibrated air speed (CAS).


Single and two-seater gyroplanes with a maximum take off mass not exceeding 600 kg.


Replicas of aircraft meeting the criteria of (a) or (d) above, for which the structural design is similar to the original aircraft.


Any other aircraft which has a maximum empty mass, including fuel, of no more less than 70 kg.