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Aircraft in the categories listed in Annex I to the Basic Regulation (EU) 2018/1139 are not subject by the EASA regulations and remain the subject of national regulations. The following are examples of such aircraft categories.
Historic aircraft which are non complex aircraft whose: initial design was established before 1st Jan 1955 and production has been stopped before 1st Jan 1975.
Aircraft having a clear historical relevance, related to a participation in a noteworthy historical event; or a major step in the development of aviation; or a major role played into the armed forces of a Member State.
Aircraft specifically designed or modified for research, experimental or scientific purposes, and likely to be produced in very limited numbers.
Amateur Built (Homebuilt) Aircraft
Aircraft of which at least 51 % is built by an amateur, or a non-profit making association of amateurs, for their own purposes and without any commercial objective.
Aircraft that have been in the service of military forces, unless the aircraft is of a type for which a design standard has been adopted by the Agency.
Aeroplanes, helicopters and powered parachutes having no more than two seats, a maximum take-off mass (MTOM), as recorded by the Member States, of no more than:
•300 kg for a single-seater landplane
•315 kg for a single-seater landplane equipped with an airframe mounted total recovery parachute system
•450 kg for a two-seater landplane
•475 kg for a two-seater landplane equipped with an airframe mounted total recovery parachute system
•330 kg for a single-seater amphibian or floatplane/helicopter
•345 kg for a single-seater amphibian or floatplane/helicopter equipped with an airframe mounted total recovery parachute system
•495 kg for a two-seater amphibian or floatplane/helicopter
•520 kg for a two-seater amphibian or floatplane/helicopter equipped with an airframe mounted total recovery parachute system
and, for aeroplanes, having the stall speed or the minimum steady flight speed in landing configuration not exceeding 35 knots calibrated air speed (CAS).
Single and two-seater gyroplanes with a maximum take off mass not exceeding 560 kg.
Gliders with a maximum empty mass, of no more than 80kg when single-seater or 100kg when two-seater, including those which are foot launched.
Replicas of aircraft meeting the criteria of (a) or (d) above, for which the structural design is similar to the original aircraft.
Any other aircraft which has a maximum empty mass, including fuel, of no more less than 70 kg.